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 MAFOR model references

A detailed model description of MAFOR (version 1.0) is provided in the following article:


Karl, M., Gross, A., Pirjola, L., and C. Leck, A new flexible multicomponent model for the study of aerosol dynamics in the marine boundary layer, Tellus B, 63(5), 1001-1025, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00562.x, 2011.
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Applications of the model using later versions of MAFOR (v1.1, v1.2, v1.3, v1.6) are presented in the following articles:


Karl, M., Leck, C., Gross, A. and L. Pirjola, A study of new particle formation in the marine boundary layer over the central Arctic Ocean using a flexible multicomponent aerosol dynamic model, Tellus B, 64, 17158, doi: 10.3402/ tellusb.v64i0.17158, 2012a.
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Karl, M., Dye, C., Schmidbauer, N., Wisthaler, A., Mikoviny, T., D’Anna, B., Müller, M., Clemente, E., Muñoz, A., Porras, R., Ródenas, M., Vázquez, M. and T. Brauers, Study of OH-initiated degradation of 2-aminoethanol, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1881-1901, 2012b.
Available at:


Keuken, M., Henzing, J. S., Zandveld, P., van den Elshout, S., and M. Karl, Dispersion of particle numbers and elemental carbon from road traffic, a harbor and an airstrip in the Netherlands, Atmos. Environ., 54, 320-327, 2012.
Available at:

Karl, M., Leck, C., Coz, E., and J. Heintzenberg, Marine nanogels as a source of atmospheric nanoparticles in the high Arctic, Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (14), 3738-3743, doi: 10.1002/grl.50661, 2013.
Available at (open access):